Retirement historically has been about accumulation. Now it’s all about decumulation,” Michael Davis, deputy assistant secretary of the DOL's Employee Benefits Security Administration, speaking at the 2012 ASPPA 401(k) Summit on Monday in New Orleans.
Davis and ASPPA CEO Brian Graff opened the second day of the conference with an enlightening conversation about the pace—and the considerable gray areas remaining—in this countdown to the rollout of full fee disclosure in the industry.
Fee disclosure is a very important component of retirement, Davis said. “A lot of big guys can get that information from providers, but for small plans it can be hard to extract that information.”
The Department of Labor’s fee disclosure rules are an attempt to “level the playing field and help participants make affirmative decisions,” he told attendees, adding that the rules were “good for participants, who are the ones paying the fees.”
Rule 404(a)(5) provides plan participants an apples-to-apples comparison across product types, Davis said. In the past, different products have been regulated by different entities.
Model portfolios and how they will be regulated under the new rules have been a concern for many advisors, Graff said. Davis assured him that guidance on how to report performance of model portfolios should be available “in a matter of weeks” in the form of frequently asked questions.
“We’re in the seventh or eighth inning,” he said.
Regarding non-monetary compensation, Davis encouraged advisors to look to Form 5500 for guidance on reporting.
Another point of contention about the new rules has been how to report fee disclosures. A summary format is viewed more favorably by consumers, while a roadmap format has been pushed by trade groups, Graff said. “It’s best to have clarity,” Davis replied. “Industry groups say a roadmap is a good middle ground.” Following the DOL’s request for public comments, the agency didn’t get enough comments to justify one format over the other.
Electronic disclosure is very important, Graff said, but Davis couldn’t fully agree. “The Department has to balance between a lot of different constituencies,” he said. People who are in or near retirement need fee disclosure information more than people who are further out, but tend to be “less electronically literate.”
The DOL’s immediate focus, Davis said, is to get the rule out so advisors can prepare and educate themselves.
Fiduciary duty, Davis said, comes out of trust law. “You must act as if those assets are your own,” he said. When section 321 of ERISA was written, most plans were large with well-trained staffs, able to meet the fiduciary demands required of them. Now, fewer people have the training required and more individuals are making decisions on their own. “Caretakers of other people’s assets should use the highest standard of care,” he said.
Davis said that proposals on revenue sharing and 12b-1 fees should be expected “in the not too distant future.”
Advisors who have developed a relationship with clients over many years want to continue that relationship as their retiring clients move to the decumulation phase, but are concerned about changes to compensation structure. Davis noted that the rule will cover rollovers.
The DOL will issue guidance on multi-employer plans, Davis said. Such regulations are not new in ERISA, but are usually in the context of collective bargaining.
“We do want coverage,” he concluded, but said there needs to be an “efficient way to get access to products.”