Far too many Americans go to work sick, including in jobs that are supposed to demand top-notch hygiene, such as food preparation.

A recent study published in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology that analyzed 61 prior studies involving over 175,000 people found, unsurprisingly, that employees in high-pressure jobs are more likely to work sick. Showing up despite an illness, or "presenteeism," is linked to strict policies that seek to reduce absenteeism.

Companies that don't offer employees generous paid sick leave or that demand that workers present doctor's notes to be credited with sick time, are more likely to have ailing employees on the job. In fact, requiring a doctor's note may undermine other policies that encourage workers to take time off when ill.

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