Both Consumer Reports and The Wall Street Journal have recently reported target-date funds (TDFs) continued to underperform in 2011. Moreover, when parsing the data from 2011, it looks like TDF portfolio managers ignored the lessons of 2008. Once again, TDFs with near-term or expired targets (i.e., 2010) lost money when the markets tanked in the third quarter. Although many advisers, as cited in "401k Plan Sponsor Concern: Target Date Funds Still Broke," (FiduciaryNews, January 10, 2012), question when TDFs will finally get their act together, they're not ready to throw in the towel on them yet.

Let's take a look at the success and failure of TDFs. When the DOL included them on the list of default funds in 2006, not many people had heard of TDFs. They knew of Lifestyle Funds and Balanced Funds (also placed on the list), but TDFs were relatively new creatures. Not much was known about them, and that included their underlying fees, their underlying investments as well as not even a whiff of a track record. Still, the industry saw a way to increase margins and investors bought the "set-it-and-forget-it" sales pitch of TDFs with a vengeance.

OK, so there's some good news and some bad news in the mass migration to TDFs. First, the good news. The purpose of this particular portion of the Pension Protection Act of 2006 was meant to: a) increase the number of employees participating in their 401k plan; and, b) shift the asset allocation away from stable value vehicles to equities. TDFs certainly played an important role in attaining success in both of these objectives.

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Christopher Carosa

Chris Carosa has been writing a weekly article and monthly column for BenefitsPRO online and BenefitsPRO Magazine since 2011 and is a nationally recognized award-winning writer, researcher and speaker. He’s written seven books, including From Cradle to Retire: The Child IRA; Hey! What’s My Number? – How to Increase the Odds You Will Retire in Comfort; A Pizza The Action: Everything I Ever Learned About Business I Learned By Working in a Pizza Stand at the Erie County Fair; and the widely acclaimed 401(k) Fiduciary Solutions. Carosa is also Chief Contributing Editor of the authoritative trade journal and publisher of the Mendon-Honeoye Falls-Lima Sentinel, a weekly community newspaper he founded in 1989. Currently serving as President of the National Society of Newspaper Columnists and with more than 1,000 articles published in various publications, he appears regularly in the national media. A “parallel” entrepreneur, he actively runs a handful of businesses, including a small boutique investment adviser, providing hands-on experience for his writing. A trained astrophysicist, he also holds an MBA and has been designated a Certified Trust and Financial Advisor. Share your thoughts and story ideas with him through Facebook ( Twitter (