(Bloomberg) -- Just when you thought rent was too damn high,more evidence now shows that childcare costs are too damnhigher.

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Among families with two children, the priceof care exceeds rent in 500 of 618 areas, according to datacompiled by the Washington-based Economic Policy Institute, aresource group that advocates for workers.

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Families in Binghamton, New York, are the worst off. There,childcare is almost three times as expensive as checks tolandlords.

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Read: Business school profs push for paid familyleave legislation

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EPI mapped the disparities in housing and childcare costs,building on August research that tackled how family budgets could(or couldn't) handle those bills.

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The map below shows the amount of money a two-parent,two-child family would need to spend to live a modestlife. The darker the blue, the higher the costs.

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A booming population of millennials, now entering primechild-bearing years, has added to demand for daycare that'soutpacing supply.

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That's pushing those childcare costs up faster than overallinflation, and has some economists worried that either consumerspending or labor-force participation(already quite low) couldsuffer as a result.

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Nationally, the costs of childcare and nursery school havesurged 168 percent since the end of 1990 compared with a 76 percentincrease in total consumer prices, according to the Bureau of LaborStatistics.

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In a large swath of the U.S., childcare costs also exceed thatother hefty line-item on family budgets: college tuition. Residentsin 33 states and Washington, D.C. pay more for infant care than forthe average in-state college tuition at a public, four-yearinstitution, EPI reported.

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Read: Microsoft, Adobe boost parentalleave

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"Parents of an infant are going to be, on average, younger thanthe parents of a college kid so they're going to be earlier intheir careers and it's going to be even harder for them to makethese kinds of payments," said Elise Gould, EPI senior economistand co-author of the report. "It's not surprising that many womendrop out of the labor force, so there are costs to this."

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