Looking for where the most dollars go in health care spending?

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Check out diabetes ($101 billion), ischemic heart disease ($88.1billion) and low back and neck pain ($87.6 billion)

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These three categories topped the list in spending in 2013, and along with hypertensionand injuries from falls, made up 18 percent of all personal healthspending and totaled $437 billion in 2013.

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The figures, along with plenty of other data, are contained in acomprehensive financial analysis titled “US Spending on PersonalHealth Care and Public Health, 1996–2013,” published in JAMA on Dec. 27, 2016.

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The study tracks a total of $30.1 trillion in personal healthcare spending over 18 years.

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Related: 4 health care trends that won't go away nomatter who is president

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“While it is well known that the U.S. spends more than any othernation on health care, very little is known about what diseasesdrive that spending,” Dr. Joseph Dieleman, lead author of the paperand assistant professor at the Institute for Health Metrics andEvaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington, said in astatement.

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Dieleman added, “IHME is trying to fill the information gap sothat decisionmakers in the public and private sectors canunderstand the spending landscape, and plan and allocate healthresources more effectively.”

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The majority of personal health care spending was associatedwith noncommunicable diseases, but when it came to infectiousdiseases, respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumoniatopped the list.

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Well care, on the other hand, accounts for just 6 percent ofpersonal health care spending, with nearly a third devoted topregnancy and postpartum care (the 10th largest categoryof spending, at $55.6 billion).

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The study examines spending by diseases and injuries anddistinguishes spending on public health programs from personalhealth spending, including both individual out-of-pocket costs andspending by private and government insurance programs.

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It covers 155 conditions.

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For employers looking to get a handle on health care expenses,it can be useful to know which conditions eat up the mostdollars.

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Dieleman estimated that, in addition to the $2.1 trillion spenton the 155 conditions examined in the study, approximately $300billion in costs, such as those of over-the-counter medications andprivately funded home health care, remain unaccounted for,indicating total personal health care costs in the U.S. reached$2.4 trillion in 2013.

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