Those who come into the U.S. on an H-1B visa for highly skilledwork receive salaries higher, on the median, than U.S. workersengaged in the same work.

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HRDive reports that while employers planned to pay high-skilledH-1B visa holders a median salary of $80,000 in 2016, up from$69,000 a decade ago, their U.S. counterparts weren’t so lucky. Thedata came from new U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services datathat made salary information on H-1B visa workers public for thefirst time. Those workers generally hold positions in science andmathematics.

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A Pew Research analysis, however, found that U.S.workers in those fields and working in similar jobs had a notablylower median salary of $75,036 in 2016. The analysis cited datafrom the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. American workers in thosepositions earned $73,979 in 2007, so they haven’t seen anywherenear the salary increases that H-1B workers have over the past tenyears.

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Related: Wheredoes all the stuff get made in the U.S. of A.?

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Pew Research has also pointed out that although lawmakersbrought up several bills in Congress to reform the H-1B visaprogram, and the Trump administration even issued an executiveorder to encourage businesses to hire Americans first, not much haschanged.

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Instead, there are concerns that bigger companies are gettingmost of those visas, cutting smaller businesses out of theprocess—and it also appears that American workers are losing out onsuch jobs not because they cost too much, but because they lack theskills required for the jobs available.

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The situation could even get worse for American businesses, ifthey fail to find and train Americans to take some of that highlyskilled work. The report adds that Canada is relaxing its immigration policy sothat it can encourage skilled workers from outside its borders tocome and create its own “Silicon Valley.” If U.S. employers fail torecognize the need to extend training to U.S. residents to filljobs, they might have to compete with Canada for both foreign andAmerican tech workers.

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