The message to employers is clear: don't send genetic testing data to insurers.

A Digital Journal report says that state-level disclosure laws play a big part in just how willing patients are to undergo DNA testing—and the variation across states also affects just how much of the test results can be accessed by insurance companies.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers, it says, have done a countrywide analysis, finding that "differing types of privacy laws within U.S. states produce markedly different effects on the willingness of patients to have genetic testing done." In addition, patients are worried about whether insurers will be able to access the test results and whether, and how much, that could affect the cost of their insurance.

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